Speed Test:

wget -O speedtest-cli https://raw.githubusercontent.com/sivel/speedtest-cli/master/speedtest.py

chmod +x speedtest-cli



Clearing cache at Sophos Firewall:

sync; echo 3 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches


tcpdump -veni dst port 514

tcpdump -veni any host X.X.X.X


RED Client service restart: /var/mdw/scripts/red_client restart

RED Server service restart: /var/mdw/scripts/red_server restart


Sophos Log Servis restart: 

/etc/init.d/syslogng restart

/etc/init.d/ulogd restart


Run Astaro HTTP proxy database localy

1. ssh to ASG and login with loginuser

2. su - root

3. cc set http sc_local_db [disk][mem][none] (Choose what you prefer)

4. /var/mdw/scripts/httpproxy restart

Websurfing will be extremely slow until the database has downloaded and been put into place. The time is link speed dependent.


View the link speed for the ASG's interfaces? 



Bandwidth usage - IFTOP

Astaro also offers the command 'iftop' to see the live traffic and traffic statistics. 

One can see the traffic live on an interface for Source Host, Destination Host, and Ports. 

The peak and accumulative traffic is also displayed.

Run 'iftop'


root # iftop -i eth1


Host display:--------------------------General:

n - toggle DNS host resolution------P - pause display

s - toggle show source host---------h - toggle this help display

d - toggle show destination host-----b - toggle bar graph display

t - cycle line display mode-----------B - cycle bar graph average

--------------------------------------- T - toggle cummulative line totals

---------------------------------------- Port display: j/k - scroll display

N - toggle service resolution---------f - edit filter code

S - toggle show source port----------l - set screen filter

D - toggle show destination port-----L - lin/log scales

p - toggle port display---------------- ! - shell command

q – quit


1/2/3 - sort by 1st/2nd/3rd column

< - sort by source name

> - sort by dest name

o - freeze current order


Concurrent Connections:

sysctl -w net.ipv4.netfilter.ip_conntrack_tcp_timeout_establ ished=86400


number of established connections:

less /proc/net/ip_conntrack | grep ESTA | wc -l



number of all connections:

less /proc/net/ip_conntrack | wc -l



number of connections with status WAIT (close_wait):

less /proc/net/ip_conntrack | grep WAIT | wc –l



Saving Snapshots of TOP automatically every half hour

create a cron job with,

top -b -n 1 >>/tmp/top-report.txt

An entry for each CPU core, and possibly another if the CPU(s) has hyperthreading:

cat /proc/cpuinfo


stopped and started again the HTTP proxy:

"/var/mdw/scripts/httpproxy stop" and "/var/mdw/scripts/httpproxy start"


Restarting MiddleWare:

service mdw restart

(from root)

Warning: it doesn't cause a complete reboot, but it does cause an HA failover, interruption of any up/downloads and VoIP calls, etc. 



Find what is taking the space type

df –h

df will only tell you how full the disk is.

du will tell you what files/folders are using the most space

I'd recommend:

cd /var/storage

du -sh *

find the offending directories


What kind of CPU

"cat /proc/cpuinfo"?


Determine if the disk is overloaded

vmstat -d 5


vmstat -d | head -2 ; vmstat -d 5 | grep hda

if hda is your hard disk; sda for scsi

That should have similar output. 

The '5' is 5 second updates.

You'll have to look at the differences between the lines to figure out how many IO's you're getting in those 5 seconds, and whether you're saturating the disk or not.


See detailed info about your eth:

# ethtool eth1


-mii-diag eth1


webadmin passwd lost

A user may use the following commands to reset the system passwords:




Ctrl c


Upon saving the file and exiting, the admin may immediately navigate to WebAdmin and re-specify all passwords for the system accounts of Astaro Security Linux.


DNS Flush cache option missing in V7

the current workaround is to restart the DNS proxy from the command line as root with the following command:

/var/mdw/scripts/named restart


To change version number

login as loginuser

su -

edit /etc/version

save the file

restart the ASG so the new version is displayed in Webadmin dashboard


Change NIC order

login as loginuser

su -

edit /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules

save the file

restart the ASG so the new order is loaded.


Locked out - How to regain all logins

1) Shutdown the firewall and connect a screen and a keyboard to the firewall

2) Power on the firewall, wait until the GRUB-loader starts and press ‘ESC’

3) Select ‘Astaro Security Gateway 7.2’ (not previous or rescue!)

4) Press ‘e’ to edit and select the 2nd entry

5) Press ‘e’ once again and enter ‘init=/bin/bash’

6) Press ‘ENTER’ and ‘b’ to boot up

7) Now you are able to change the passwords for ‘loginuser’ and ‘root’

8) After that press CTRL + ALT + DEL to reboot the system and wait until you get the login prompt


Reset to factory settings

Login the command-line as 'loginuser', afterwards as 'root' and enter following commands to restore to factory settings: 

1. cc [Press ENTER]

2. RAW [Press ENTER]

3. system_factory_reset [Press ENTER]


The system will automatically shutdown when it's finished.